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King of the castle Hampton completes sand bed upgrade 

Friday 19th February 2021 09:32

Two grey and empty filter beds.


This is the view above two completely refurbished slow sand filter beds at Hampton water treatment works – one of the biggest in Europe.

Thames Water has fully rebuilt the porous floor and outer walls to help protect supplies for future generations, with the site the size of 100 football pitches producing a third of London’s water.

Hampton, built in the 1850s, has a maximum output of 700 million litres per day – enough to fill 280 Olympic-sized swimming pools – and it required careful planning to take the two beds out of service while maintaining supply.

Thames Water’s Paul Downing, who works at Hampton, said: “The completion of this year-long project feels like a personal triumph and sense of pride that the team shall all remember in our careers. These beds have been completely refurbished to last – for the benefit of our customers today and future generations.”

Slow sand filters are a multi layered biological filtration system that relies upon an active biological layer formed on the surface called a Schmutzdecke. They are routinely inspected structurally every 10 years and taken out of service for regeneration every three. This involves removing the multiple layers of sand, granular activated carbon and shingle for washing using a team of 14 technicians and a series of mobile plant.

In total, the treatment process at Hampton includes 32 rapid gravity filters, ozonation and 25 slow sand filters followed by disinfection. The two beds pictured – named SSF8 and SSF9 – have a combined output flow of around 50Ml/d at their maximum day rate.